Urdu is an Indo-Aryan language originating in the region between the Ganges and Jamuna rivers near Delhi. As a spoken language Urdu originally derived from Hindustani,the lingua franca of Northern India before the partition of Although Urdu and Hindi arose from the same or very similar colloquial bases, their literary forms are much different because of the strong influences of Sanskrit on Hindi and of Persian and Arabic on Urdu.
Grammar in the two languages is still nearly the same, however, except in instances in which literary Urdu adopts Persian or Arabic constructions. Urdu is a very important language of Indian subcontinent both for the reasons of large number of its speakers as well as its rich literature.
Lucknow is the capital city of the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. Lucknow's history begins with its elevation to a capital city under the Nawabs of Awadh. The architectural contributions of the Awadh rulers, many paintings of whom are maintained at the Art Gallery today, include numerous mosques and palaces.
The province of Awadh anglicized to Oudh was annexed by the British rulers of India, and in the Indian Mutiny ofLucknow was one of the cities besieged by the rebel forces. Today, the ruins of the Residency, and the picturesque Shaheed Smarak offer the poignant reminisces of Lucknow's role in the Mutiny. Other architectural delights in Lucknow include the Vidhan Sabha State Legislature and the railway station at Charbaagh with its yellow domes and pillars.
One of the oldest schools in the world is also situated in Lucknow: La Martiniere, founded in the by Claude Martin. For any other information, please contact Program Head urdulp aiis.
AIIS assists students in finding local accommodation within a reasonable commuting distance of the Language Program center. Depending on the size of the Program and the availability of suitable accommodations, students are sometimes housed in furnished apartments, but more commonly live in "paying guest" or "home-stay" arrangements in private homes, preferably with families who speak the target language.
Ahtesham Khan, Ph. D Program Head. Katherine performing Harmonium during cultural program Selfie with host family Traditional pooja with host family Urdu participants at Fatehpur Sikri on field trip Urdu Participants at Taj Mahal Urdu Participants at residency on local trip Urdu students at Mahmudabad fort Urdu students learning Tabla With Host family.
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Newest - Lucknow Urdu
Host family rent per month Including Non ACbut with cooler, breakfastdinner, and meals on holidays.It is the fourteenth-most populous city and the twelfth-most populous urban agglomeration of India.
Lucknow has always been a multicultural city that flourished as a North Indian cultural and artistic hub, and the seat of power of Nawabs in the 18th and 19th centuries. Historically, Lucknow was the capital of the Awadh region, controlled by the Delhi Sultanate and later the Mughal Empire.
It was transferred to the Nawabs of Awadh. Inthe British East India Company abolished local rule and took complete control of the city along with the rest of Awadh and, intransferred it to the British Raj. It has been listed as the 17th-fastest growing city in India and 74th in the world.
Lucknow, along with Agra and Varanasiis in the Uttar Pradesh Heritage Arca chain of survey triangulations created by the Government of Uttar Pradesh to boost tourism in the state. According to one legend, the city is named after Lakshmanaa hero of the Hindu epic Ramayana.Gm freon capacity chart
Lakshmana's city. The settlement came to be known as Lakhanpur or Lachhmanpur by the 11th century, and later, Lucknow. The name changed to Lakhanavatithen Lakhnauti and finally Lakhnau. For about eighty-four years from toAwadh was part of the Sharqi Sultanate of Jaunpur.
Emperor Humayun made it a part of the Mughal Empire around Emperor Jahangir — granted an estate in Awadh to a favoured nobleman, Sheikh Abdul Rahim, who later built Machchi Bhawan on this estate. It later became the seat of power from where his descendants, the Sheikhzadascontrolled the region.
The Nawabs of Lucknow, in reality, the Nawabs of Awadh, acquired the name after the reign of the third Nawab when Lucknow became their capital. The city became North India's cultural capital, and its nawabs, best remembered for their refined and extravagant lifestyles, were patrons of the arts. Under their dominion, music and dance flourished, and construction of numerous monuments took place. One of the Nawab's enduring legacies is the region's syncretic Hindu—Muslim culture that has come to be known as the Ganga-Jamuni tehzeeb.Paper manufacturing company in thailand
Untilthe subah of Awadh was a province of the Mughal Empire administered by a governor appointed by the emperor. Persian adventurer Saadat Khanalso known as Burhan-ul-Mulk, was appointed Nizam of Awadh in and established his court in Faizabadnear Lucknow.
Many independent kingdoms, such as Awadh, were established as the Mughal Empire disintegrated.
The third Nawab, Shuja-ud-Daula r. Roundly defeated at the Battle of Buxar by the East India Company, he was forced to pay heavy penalties and surrender parts of his territory.
They were, however, disinclined to capture Awadh outright and come face to face with the Maratha Empire and the remnants of the Mughal Empire. Inthe fifth Nawab Wazir Ali Khan alienated both his people and the British and was forced to abdicate. The British then helped Saadat Ali Khan take the throne. This treaty effectively made the state of Awadh a vassal of the East India Company, although it continued to be part of the Mughal Empire in name until The treaty of proved a beneficial arrangement for the East India Company as they gained access to Awadh's vast treasuries, repeatedly digging into them for loans at reduced rates.A lone wolf, I sailed through the ocean, under a sky full of stars.
So close and yet apart. When a wave hit my boat, I prayed with all my might it crumbles, just like my heart. The morning when I reached the shore, the skies burst open, balm to parched skin. My boat flew away, as if to look for its heart. I knew then that nature was a friend.How Lucknow People Fight in Early Times - Lahore Films
They found it equally exhilarating to meet. They found it equally distressing, to fall apart. When spring comes again this time, promise me you will sow a seed in the garden of my backyard. Not that I will be here long enough to see it bloom and blossom.
But, everytime it rains like it does only in my city, I will smile with delight to experience our love grow in the mud of my backyard. In my heart. New to YourQuote? Login now to explore quotes just for you! Trending Hashtags. Trending Latest. Show more. What does your city smell of? Fetching lucknow Quotes.
Urdu Shayri Mein Lucknow Ka Maqaam
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Write your own quotes on YourQuote app.Language has always been of utmost importance to Lucknow. Urdu and that too Luckhnawi Urdu is a natural part of day to day conversation of the people of Lucknow, irrespective of their mother-tongue or their religion.
A devout Hindu too in Lucknow would use this dialect without any inhabitations, while the grace and style of Urdu in Lucknow comes quite naturally to him as it would to a person of Muslim faith, all by virtue of being born and lived in Lucknow.
Langauage of Lucknow was by all means superior to the languages of Delhi and Hyderabad that were other two seats of refinement, grace and style. Difference between the Mughal culture and Awadhi culture lies in the fact that the royal dialect of the courts of Awadh came on the streets and in the lanes to evolve and flourish among the common subjects in Lucknow, while Mughal courts were like all other royal courts that had a difference in the culture and language of the courts and the common subjects.
Ghalib himself frowned upon the use of tum and called it a gaali abuse. There is a famous and a popular quoted anecdote in Urdu literature. One gentleman from Delhi offered to give him lift in his tonga. That man incessantly kept talking during the journey from Delhi to Lucknow. Mir remained silent.
When he reached Lucknow, he profusely thanked that man for giving him a lift and gifted whatever money he got from the Mushaira in Delhi. Once Mulla went to meet Firaq at his home. Firaq himself opened the door.
His dog was sleeping on the sofa. Jaaiye andar jaakar laytiyay! Go inside and sleep! Moreover, his dog also understood the ultra-refined language of his master!
Just imagine, whose dog was so used to hearing such superlative language, how eloquent his master must have been!
If one is lucky, one can still witness an argument between two elderly persons in old Lucknow localities. Arguing without abusing is something one can learn from the older generation of Lucknow.
Use of abusive language is another great point of view that differentiates a Lucknowite from others. But in our linguistically loose times that we live in, conversations start with tu and do not end with fighting anymore. Sub-continental Urdu directly originated from Mughal Persian, which was devoid of Aap or tum. It was Arabic, a language rich in expletives as well, that influenced Persian and today one can find abuses, as well as tum or tu in modern Persian. It is said, often the linguists picked up clues on the best language usage and skills from the ladies of the royal houses.
At times of confusion they even went a step further to secretly listen to the conversation of the ladies when talking among themselves and later use it in their writings. It was and it still is quite important to understand and speak in the Luckhnowi dialect, no matter what religion one belongs to.
A person born and brought-up in Lucknow will still be identified by his language and the style, though this highly sophisticated language that once Lucknow was known for, is fast depleting and at times the older generation seems quite worried about the way we in Lucknow are heading to.
At any point you may unsubscribe to our e-column or subscribe to it again through a link on our website.Order Now. This story is from December 14, Dar dar bhatak rahi hai magar dar nahin mila, Urdu ko apne des mein ek ghar nahin mila. LUCKNOW: The above couplet rightly depicts the plight of Urdu which was born and nurtured here and eventually became a symbol of country''s composite culture. The language which gave us slogans Inquilab Zindabad, and patriotic songs like Sare Jahan Se Achcha Hindostan Hamara and Sarfaroshi Ki Tamanna Ab Hamare Dil Mein Hai during the freedom struggle, became alien in its own land after independence as it became the official language of Pakistan, our sworn enemy.
The plight of Urdu in the state capital, once considered the biggest centre of the language after Delhi and having the likes of Mir Anees, Dabeer, Aatish, Aziz, Nasiri, Aarzoo, Asar and others, has come to such a pass that even Quranic instructions and other religious rituals are given in Hindi as the young generation is wary of this sweet language. Banners''salaam'', ''nauha'' and religious pamphlets, all written in Hindi, are now a common sight and well accepted by Muslims, who are not inclined to impart Urdu education to their wards as the language is fast losing its societal acceptability despite the fact that Urdu is second official language of the state.
No parents, including those who occupy plum posts in Urdu institutions, are not keen on sending their children to Urdu-teaching institutions since the language is no more considered job-oriented," he says.
Talat Fatima, vice-incharge of Shia Inter College girls sectionblames parents for Urdu''s decline. Urdu-reading also suffered as books in professional courses are not available in this language in Uttar Pradesh, she adds. Some who applied were highly-qualified. The management was in a fix. Ultimately it was decided to ask applicants to write an application in Urdu.Morgan brennan instagram
To our surprise no one could write a correct application. The one that was found good was that of a boy from Bihar, who was driving a tempo in the city.
The management had no choice but to take him. The total strength of Urdu-learning students in these institutions is around The figure drastically drops, by 75 per cent, the moment Urdu becomes optional from class IX as students opt for science or commerce streams.
More students leave it at intermediate and graduate levels. In B A classes their strength is around At post-graduate level, the strength is around and only 10 to 15 opt for PhD, says an LU lecturer. When asked about the steady decline of Urdu, born and nurtured in this country and produced such literary giants as Mirza Ghalib, Mir Taqi Mir, Allama Iqbal and Faiz Ahmad Faiz, Sunni College principal says: "The language has lost demand in practical life.
Navbharat Times. Featured Today in Travel.Lucknowcity, capital of Uttar Pradesh state, northern India. It is located roughly in the centre of the state on the Gomati Riverabout 45 miles 72 km northeast of Kanpur. Under Akbarhis grandson, the city became part of Oudh province. When the Indian Mutiny broke out inSir Henry Lawrencethe British commissioner, and the European inhabitants of Lucknow were besieged for several months until rescued by British troops.
The British then abandoned the city until the following year, when they regained control over India. Lucknow is situated at the junction of numerous roads and rail lines, and Chaudhary Charan Singh International Airport is located about 6 miles 10 km southwest of the central city. The city is a marketplace for agricultural products mangoesmelons, and various grains are grown locallyand its industries include food processingmanufacturing, handicrafts, and railroad shops.
Its population, which has grown dramatically since the late 20th century, surpassed that of Kanpur in the early 21st century to become the most-populous city in Uttar Pradesh. Lucknow contains notable examples of architecture.
The best-preserved monument is the Residencythe scene of the defense by British troops during the Indian Mutiny. A memorial commemorating the Indians who died during the uprising was erected in The city also has a botanical and a national zoological garden.
Article Media. Info Print Cite. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. Lucknow India. See Article History. Get exclusive access to content from our First Edition with your subscription. Subscribe today. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:.Examples of metaphor
Kanpur Cawnpore and Lucknow. The surrender of Kanpur, after a relatively brief siege, was followed by a massacre of virtually all British citizens and loyal Indian soldiers at Kanpur.
The Lucknow garrison held out in the residency from July 1, in spite of the death of Sir Henry…. History at your fingertips. Sign up here to see what happened On This Dayevery day in your inbox! Email address. By signing up, you agree to our Privacy Notice.Students spend 20 hours of week in the classroom, with additional activities, classes and excursions.
Lucknow is the capital city of the state of Uttar Pradesh, India and is kilometers southeast of New Delhi. Lucknow has been a center for Urdu literary and cultural life since the eighteenth century. AIIS has been instructing American university students and scholars in Indic languages for over 50 years. In Lucknow, students will spend their time in grammar, conversation, pronunciation, journal writing, and dictation language classes in order to hone the four skills of language development — listening, speaking, reading and writing.
The CLS Program works with students to set both short and long term learning goals, and the faculty works collectively and individually to help students achieve these goals throughout the summer institute. Students are placed in small classes according to their level indicated on their application, the Oral Proficiency Interview OPI exam score from the spring, and an in-country placement test. In addition to formal evaluations such as tests and quizzes, student—teacher meetings are held every week to discuss student progress and language-learning goals.
Classes are held five days a week from 9am until 1pm. In the afternoons, students attend a cultural activity class or meet with their Language Partner for Urdu-conversation practice.
In the past, students have had a choice of calligraphy, dancing, cooking, singing, or drums as their cultural activity class.
Daily Aag Lucknow India Urdu Newspaper
Students also can complete homework in the afternoons with the help of teachers, or request additional tutoring. Weekly activities supplement formal classroom instruction and include guest lectures, monolingual guests such as shopkeepers or tradespeople, and music and dance performances.
Several local group excursions take place over the summer, allowing students to explore the area, gain in-depth knowledge and history, and meet people from different backgrounds.
In the past, such cultural excursions have included visits to the Asfi and Chota Imambaras, Kakori Shrine, and Mahmoodabad. Students also travel on one overnight excursion. Towards the end of the program, each student works with his or her instructors to complete an independent project of their choosing.
In the final week of the program, students of all levels present their projects entirely in Urdu to their classmates. CLS participants live with host families to maximize language learning and the cultural immersion experience.
In the mornings, institute-provided transportation picks up students from their homes and takes them to school.Nexgen iptv reseller
In the afternoons, students are free to stay in the institute to study, or arrange their own transportation home, or around the city.
While most weekends are scheduled with CLS excursions or activities, students have free weekends over the summer which they can use to rest or travel around the state or country, distance permitting. A Program of the U. Department of State. Lucknow, India. Program Dates: June 13 - August 14,
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